New Documentary: “The Delano Manongs: Forgotten Heroes of the United Farm Workers”

“Delano Manongs” Documentary

The story of the role of the Filipino farm workers within the history of the United Farm Workers Union (UFW) and the 1960s Chicano Movement is now a documentary, “The Delano Manongs: Forgotten Heroes of the United Farm Workers.” The film shares the history leading up to The Delano Grape Strike of September 1965 in Delano, CA, lead by Larry Itliong, and the spark that it created to form a collaboration between the Filipino, Chicano, and other ethnic farm workers.

To find out more, check out the Documentary Website: http://www.delanomanongs.com/

And, the DVD is available at the OSU Valley Library!

The Delano Manongs
CALL NO: HD5325.A29 D45 2014 DVD
Valley Media 5th Floor

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A Day of Outreach: OR Archives Crawl & OALP Concert

OR Archives Crawl & OALP Concert Flyers

It was a busy day for the OMA, but the best kind of busy since there were two opportunities to talk to community members about archives! Today the OMA participated in the Oregon Archives Crawl (both at the OSU and ATAP tables), and then headed off to an Obo Addy Legacy Project concert (OALP) to share the OALP’s history via the exhibit panels created for the Applause! exhibit. There are, of course, photos – check them out below:

First, the Oregon Archives Crawl 2014:

ATAP Table at OHS

The Oregon Historical Society (OHS) was one of the three Crawl locations and ATAP (American Theatre Archive Project) was there to showcase the great theatre archives advocacy work done all over the country. The OMA shared its local story of working with Portland’s Milagro theatre, and as a excellent bonus, Katrina O’Brien, Milagro’s archival intern was there as well.

OMA at the OSU Table

It was a bit of a back and forth between the ATAP table at the OHS location and the OMA at the OSU table over at the City of Portland Archives and Records Center, but over at city archives, the OMA had the opportunity to give a short presentation highlighting a few OMA collections and projects. One of which was the OALP collection…

On to the second event of the day, the Obo Addy Legacy Project “Cross Cultural Rhythms” concert:

OALP Concert at the 40th Ave Garage

The concert included a variety of performers including various singer and poets. Concert attendees, including many children danced all night. And, the OMA brought copies of the Applause! exhibit panels to share with concert attendees!

Beautiful Poetry

Dancing!

 

OALP Exhibit Panels

Needless to say, it was a fantastic day for the OMA!

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The Urban League of Portland’s 2014 Equal Opportunity Day Awards Dinner

ULPDX EOD Dinner 2014 Program

It’s that time of year again – the Urban League of Portland (ULPDX) Equal Opportunity Day Awards Dinner! 

As we have done for the past several years, the OMA brought a display of ULPDX archival materials to share with dinner attendees. Each year we share information about the collection includes 480 images available online through the OMA Digital Collection, quick link “Urban League of Portland”, dozens of textual documents, including the organization’s Meeting Minutes and Newsletters, available through OSU’s institutional repository ScholarsArchive, and more information on the Urban League of Portland Online Collection.

Urban of Portland Archives Display

But this year was extra special, because we just happened to select a photo from the early 1990s that included two ladies, a grandmother and grand-daughter at the Whitney Young Jr. Center, that were dinner attendees and recognized themselves in the photo!

Gloria Phillips and her grand-daughter Chinara Shambry

Phillips is a long time member of the Urban League family and her grand-daughter also became a member at a very young age – it was wonderful to have the opportunity to meet these two ladies!

And, the event itself was of course, excellent. The theme for the evening was education and both the keynote speaker, Dr. Nancy Golden, and the honoree this year was Charlene Williams, gave inspiring speeches. Dr. Golden, is Oregon’s Chief Education Officer and Williams led Portland’s Roosevelt High School to an incredible improvement in the school’s overall academic performance - she is now Senior Director for the Roosevelt Cluster and Benson High School.

As always, we look forward to next year!

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Milagro Addition to Complete the Collection!

Milagro’s Grants and Financial Records

The Milagro collection is now complete! This week the OMA received Milagro’s financial and grants documentation, 1986-2005/2007, a total of 6 boxes. These materials give a fantastic insight into the inner workings of the administrative side of running a successful theatre company.

And, that means that Katrina has officially completed her processing project. To get a sense of how much work Katrina did, be sure to read through her blog: Katrina’s Milagro Internship and check out these “after” photos of the archives room at Milagro (this room was originally jam packed with content that is now at the OMA):

Milagro Archives Room

  

Milagro’s Current Records

 

What’s still at Milagro? Scripts and some Artwork

 

And, in the coming year’s there will be more Milagro content to come to the OMA; Katrina created a Records Retention Schedule for the staff to be sure to know what comes to the archives, what stays at the theatre, and what needs to be shredded.

Milagro’s RSS Instructions

 However, just because her internship is complete, Katrina’s dedication to the Performing Arts community is by no means over. In fact, she developed the Northwest Performing Arts Archive:

nwpaarchive website

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OSU History of Students of Color Activism Tour!

CONNECT Week 2014 Tour at the CCCC

As part of CONNECT Week 2014, Professors Janet Nishihara and Kim McAloney led a group of about 15 students on the tour that their Fall 2013 U-Engage created and compiled into the campus tour guidebook: “Untold Stories: Histories of Students of Color at OSU”It was incredible to see all the changes that have occurred on campus in just this past year. For example, the CCCC building is now completed, the BCC and APCC are both under construction – with the APCC in a new location – and the new residence hall has been named after William Tebeau. The OMA and Professors Nishihara and McAloney are definitely planning on an updated and perhaps expanded version of the guidebook for 2015 – so stay tuned for that!

The tour group checking out the new location of the APCC which will be across from the NAL

         

The group at the NAL on the corner of Jefferson and 26th

           

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Update October 8th

As part of this Fall Term 2014 U-Engage class, the students took the tour last year’s class created!

Fall Term 2014 U-Engage Class

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Update October 9th

Remember how we mentioned that the guidebook needed to be updated? Here’s a fantastic reason why…today marked the dedication ceremony for the new residence hall, Tebeau Hall, named after the first known male African American graduate from OSU, William Tebeau. In the guidebook, his “location” is the Engineering Building since that was his major, but in the updated version of the guidebook, it will of course be the residence hall! Here are a couple fun photos of Tebeau Hall and today’s event:

Tebeau Hall

 

The Official Ribbon Cutting

 

Event Attendees, Including Tebeau’s Family

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“Uprooted” Exhibit at the Four Rivers Cultural Center

Four Rivers Cultural Center, Ontario, Oregon

The debut of the traveling exhibit “Uprooted: Japanese American Farm Labor Camps During World War II” is this week at the Four Rivers Cultural Center in Ontario, Or! the exhibit, curated by Morgen Young, showcases a history of the Japanese American farm labor camp near Nyssa, Oregon, through the stories of the people who lived and worked in the camp.

The labor camp was the first of its kind organized during World War II. It became operational in May of 1942 and at its peak it held 350 people. Through the exhibit you learn about the camp, Oregon’s plan for the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans during the war, and the national need for agricultural laborers, specifically in the sugar beet industry.

For more information about the exhibit, photos, and links to more resources, be sure to view the exhibit website: “Uprooted” Exhibit

Exhibit Information:

Where: Four Rivers Cultural Center
676 SW 5th Avenue
Ontario, OR 97914

When: 09/12/2014 – 12/12/2014
Mon – Fri: 9am – 5pm and Sat – Sun: 10am – 9pm

And, of course, to learn about OSU’s story in relation to the forced removal and relocation of the Japanese Americans, check out the blog post “OSU’s Japanese American Students During WWII”

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OSU Cultural Resource Centers’ Libraries

OSU CRCs Libraries Online Catalog

The OSU Cultural Resource Centers (CRCs) each have fantastic individual libraries with books available for check-out to the OSU community. In order to make these libraries more accessible to potential users, the OMA worked with the CRCs to create a joint online catalog via LibraryThing so that you can browse through the combined collections to see what great resources they have!

First, be sure to check out the OSU CRCs Libraries Profile; here you will find information about library policies and center locations - although the catalog includes all the CRCs books, in order to check out a book, you need to go to the center that owns the book. On the profile page, you can use the tags to search within a specific center’s collection.

OSU CRCs Libraries Profile

Or, if you are ready to browse through the collections and/or search for a specific book, check out the OSU CRCs Libraries Catalog. Use the search box with the words “Search this library” in the top right hand corner.

OSU CRCs Libraries Catalog

And, if you are interested in learning about the process to create these libraries and the joint catalog, be sure to read the article, “Booxter and LibraryThing: Making cultural resource centers library collections visible and accessible” which was published June 2014 in College & Research Libraries News vol.75 no.6, pages 318-335.

To learn more about the CRCs, here are the links to each center:

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The OMA at SAA 2014

This year at the Society of American Archivists (SAA) conference there were several great sessions pertaining to documenting and sharing the stories of multicultural communities, and the OMA presented twice regarding its own projects.

Below are a few highlights from the conference ~

Archives and Archivists of Color Roundtable

The AACR hosted a special presentation featuring a project by Kent State University to document the university’s Black Campus Movement (BCM), 1965-1972, and the history of African American students at Kent State, especially in relation to the May 4, 1970 Kent State Shootings. For more information about the BCM, check out the book The Black Campus Movement: Black Students and the Racial Reconstitution of Higher Education, 1965-1972 by Ibram H. Rogers.

Performing Arts Roundtable

At the PAR meeting, the OMA shared its experiences working with the Milagro and Obo Addy Legacy Project collections.

Forum: Diversifying the Archival Record

This forum sponsored by SAA’s Diversity Committee featured the co-editors of the new book Through the Archival Looking Glass: A Reader on Diversity and Inclusion edited by Mary Caldera and Kathryn M Neal which includes 10 chapters of amazing projects and ideas to highlight the stories of multicultural communities.

Indigenous Researcher Perspectives on Using Non-Native Archives

In this session two Native American researchers shared their experiences using materials about indigenous communities held by non-native repositories. The first researcher, Zonnie Gorman, recapped her incredible find in the St. Louis National Archives regional office. Her father was a Navajo WWII code talker, one of the original 29, and she is currently working on her master’s thesis on the topic. As she was researching the military files she found the previously unknown “30th” man as part of the original group – George Clinton. Her work then led her to Clinton’s family who were unaware of the story (Navajo Times article). The second researcher, David Lewis, talked about his decades long work to collect information pertaining to Oregon’s tribes; he specifically spoke about the SWORP collection.

Integrating History: A Search and Recovery Effort in Alabama Archives

Four Alabama repositories shared their efforts to uncover hidden collections and solicit new materials pertaining to the black experience in the area. The speakers spoke about their lessons learned with cultural sensitivity, advocacy, and community outreach work which included overcoming community distrust, building relationships and respect with communities, and dealing with still very real community member prejudices.

Native American Archives Roundtable

At the NAAR meeting Dr. Kim Christen spoke about the Sustainable Heritage Network (SHN) which is dedicated to assisting Tribal Archives, Libraries, and Museums – SHN is a collaborative effort to provide shared services and knowledge. During the meeting the OMA also gave an update regarding a research study with Western Washington University regarding building successful relationships between tribal and non-tribal repositories.

When Communities Perform Their Own Documentation: The Dos and Don’ts of Building a Community / Family Documentation Project

This session featured an alternative format “fishbowl” discussion in which four speakers spoke for four minutes each and then audience members were asked to volunteer to speak for four minutes each as well followed by a Q&A discussion – all this was done in a circle with the speakers in a small, center circle. It was a great way to present and share information and very fitting for a session about community archiving. Numerous projects were discussed and archivists shared their challenges and lessons learned. All spoke about the need to build relationships with community members and helpful strategies included: find a community liaison, organize community focus groups, create tools and resources for communities to use, and collaborate with other institutions to work on large scale projects.

Needless to say it was a wonderful conference and it will be great to apply all the ideas learned and knowledge gained!

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Multicultural Portland Tour

This past week the OMA participated in another tour regarding Portland’s multicultural history and took lots of pictures to share with you! This tour was hosted by the organization Know Your City which has various forms of programming including tours, lectures, publications, and school programs. The Multicultural Portland tour focused mostly on the city’s Asian American history and touched upon the histories African American and Jewish communities as well.

The tour began on a beautiful Friday afternoon on 2nd & Ankeny and for the next two hours we walked several blocks exploring old and new Chinatown, what once was Japantown, and the area that once was considered a predominately African American neighborhood. To get a sense of where things are, go to the Know Your City Multicultural Portland Tour webpage and scroll down to the bottom of the page for a Google Map with the tour’s starting location indicated.

The Chinese Community in Portland

Many Chinese immigrants, mostly men, came to the Pacific Northwest as merchants and laborers in pursuit of economic success. One of the first areas we walked in was the city’s original Chinatown location.

The intersection of SW 2nd and Oak St was once considered the center of Chinatown

We then walked over to 2nd and Washington to the Waldo Block. Our tour guide gave us several insights into the Chinese community’s history. First, he noted that although the area was called Chinatown because it was predominately Chinese in terms of population, it was not completely segregated. Within Chinatown there were white-owned and run businesses alongside the Chinese businesses. Second, he pointed out the architecture of the buildings stating that although the structures are at first glance in a European style, there are design elements, such as balconies, that were included to meet the needs of the Chinese community.

The Waldo Block

Our next stop was the Oregon Pioneer Building, at SW 3rd and Stark.  Within this building is the city’s oldest restaurant, Huber’s, established in 1879. While Frank Huber initially established the business, after he passed away, Jim Louie, a Chinese immigrant and cook, took over management. His family has since retained management and later, ownership of the business.

Huber’s

The tour’s next two stops highlighted the racial tensions within the area and the discrimination against the Chinese community. On one of the buildings is a plaque indicating the 1894 High Water Mark – the water level when the area flooded. The city used the water damage as an opportunity to disproportionately condone more Chinese owned businesses to then force the community to move elsewhere. The city wanted the area since is was prime real estate due to its location in the center of the city.

High Water Mark, 1894

The next stop on 2nd and Ash St. was the New Market Theatre. This building was the host to an anti-Chinese gathering in the late 1890s that culminated in a riot. The white population wanted to force out the Chinese community, however, the Portland newspaper The Oregonian included a series of articles condoning the actions of the group with the reasoning that it made more economic sense for the two populations to co-exist.

The New Market Theatre on 2nd and Ash

Notably, inside the building is a free exhibit featuring the history of the Chinese population in the area. And, the exhibit includes various artifacts from when the building underwent a renovation.

Chinese History Exhibit

Next, we moved on to the current Chinatown and viewed the gate, dedicated in 1986, and we also viewed the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association (CCBA) building which provides the community with a variety of services.

Map of Chinatown

CCBA Building

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The African American Community in Portland

Golden West Hotel, 1906-1931 ~ African American entrepreneur W.D. Allen launched the hotel in 1906 in order to provide a place of residence for African American community members, especially railroad workers and other laborers since other Portland hotels denied them a place to stay. On the side of the building there is a permanent display panel that recounts the history of the hotel and the community it served.

The Golden West Hotel

The Vanport Flood of 1948 ~ Just as the flood of the late 1890s displaced the Chinese population, in 1948 the African American population was displaced due to a massive flood in the city of Vanport. The city was specifically created for the laborers of the WWII shipyards and a large influx of African Americans moved to the area in search of jobs. Although the area was an integrated community and both whites and blacks lost their homes, the African American community struggled more to rebuild their lives due to housing and job discrimination in Portland.

High Water Mark, 1948

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The Japanese American Community in Portland

With the various Chinese Exclusion Acts enacted by the federal government, Japanese immigrants began moving to the United States. They faced similar hardships endured by the Chinese community, however, it was during WWII that the community was completely displaced when all Japanese, even American citizens, were forcibly removed from their homes and moved to camps. They community members lost homes, businesses, and land. To highlight this community and history the tour stopped by the Oregon Nikkei Legacy Center which documents Portland’s Japanese history. In the center’s window there is a small model of Portland’s Japantown which no longer exists. Find out more information about Japantown on the Oregon Encyclopedia entry: Japantown, Portland (Nihonmachi). 

Oregon Nikkei Legacy Center

Model of Japantown

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The Jewish Community in Portland

The tour stopped by a local business on Burnside and 3rd to view a plaque in the ground highlighting the Jewish community.

Portland’s Jewish Community

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 Overall, the tour was a great experience – it’s always great to have the opportunity to see all the places you read about; it really brings history to life!

 

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HST 399 and the Urban League of Portland Collection

This past Spring term, the students of the history course HST 399: The Civil Rights Movement in Modern America, taught by Professor Marisa Chappell, were tasked with a research assignment to use the Urban League of Portland archival collection to highlight the themes of the course through the lens of the Urban League of Portland’s activism.  

The research assignment was to work in pairs to explore a particular topic related to the history of race relations and African American activism in Portland from the 1940s through the 1980s. Each group was tasked to use approximately eight primary source documents from both the Urban League of Portland Papers and the Oregonian newspaper to then write a short essay about the topic.    

The topics selected included: education, housing, jobs, police relations, and poverty. Below are short descriptions of each paper and links the essays, some of which include scans of the documents cited. If you are intrigued by the topics analyzed and the sources used, be sure to come to the archives to conduct your own research using the collection!

Education

Description of two major programs created to fight the oppression towards people of color: the Adolescent Parent Treatment Program and The Whitney Young Learning Center. Both programs focused on assisting youth. The APTP focus was to target high risk juveniles, mostly males between ages of 12-17.  The WYLC was a free, homework assistance, community based after-school program for grades 7-12.

Housing

Edwin Berry, the president of the Portland Urban League from 1945 to 1969, initiated Portland fair housing reform. This essay focuses on Portland Urban League’s series of meetings in 1955 mainly focusing on the issue of equal housing. 

Jobs

Two ULP reports, one from the 1970s and another from the 1990s, along with various Oregonian articles from the 1960s-1980s. The reports reflect the ULP perspective regarding Affirmative Action and the articles mostly include op-ed pieces and the implementation of the program.

Police Relations – Paper 1 and Paper 2

The first paper uses articles from the Oregonian mostly from 1959. The second paper also uses articles from the Oregonian but mostly from the late 1960s-mid 1980s. Both essays analyze the police relations within the Albina community through the lens of the media. 

Poverty

This paper focuses on the Urban League of Portland’s role in the federal government’s War on Poverty program during the mid to late 1960s. The essay uses Board Meeting Minutes and articles from the Oregonian.

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