Food History Intern: discovering fermentables!

Edel Brau "It's the beer" 1907

Edel Brau “It’s the beer” 1907

The topic of fermentation is an interesting one, and there was a surprising amount of information about it here in the Valley Library. After a day or two of struggling of what to look up, it dawned on me to figure out what kinds of food can be fermented. I had always known about pickled eggs, sauerkraut, vinegar, etc., but it just never clicked in my head that “hey, those are fermented!”

Once I had the stroke of genius, it was easier to find information, and boy is there information about fermentation. Unsurprisingly, there’s a bit of information regarding fermentation in Food Microbiology, as well as a lot of overlap in terms of sources for the fermented food items. There’s also a lot of information about wine, beer, and cider. Mead was a difficult one that kept bringing up different people with the name Mead.

To help make searching for these things easier, I also made up a map of the general locations that have information on each of these fermentation topics and gave ideas of their call numbers.

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Fabulous new posts on the Oregon Multicultural Archives blog!

Fabulous new posts on the Oregon Multicultural Archives blog including some fabulous events, celebrations, and scanning projects!

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Check them all out on the OMA blog. 

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What’s new on the Pauling Blog? A lot!

As things get busy I can forget to share all the wonderful works added to the other blogs.

Screen Shot 2017-03-16 at 4.02.03 PMHead over to the Pauling Blog to celebrate the anniversary of the blog and of the day Pauling was born!

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Food History intern post: thoughts on the domestic economy & bees!

Class in beekeeping, 1912

Class in beekeeping, 1912

When you think of Oregon, you think of the vast acres of trees and the strong lumber industry. However, there’s a flourishing domestic food economy, and it’s been a fascinating facet of food history to delve into.

Dairy, wool, and orchards are common in Oregon, and it’s not uncommon to find an orchard, sheep, or dairy farm on the beautiful back roads of Oregon. Something that came up that I hadn’t previously thought about was beekeeping in Oregon.

Especially at the turn of the 20th century, there were several clubs, classes, and organizations for beekeeping. When delving a bit further into the beekeeping, it was fascinating to see that the equipment used for beekeeping hasn’t changed much.

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Food Writing ~ our food history intern talks publications!

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Food writing is one of those tricky facets of history. What do you continue as writing? People’s notes? The things they’ve published? Magazines, books, periodicals? Luckily enough, OSU has a wide array of publishing. From books published via the Oregon State University Press to faculty in food oriented departments, we have a lot here on campus.

One of the most fascinating things found during the food publishing searching were countless recipe books down on the first floor, ranging from a wide array of decades. As well, they had food periodicals dating to pre-20th century, and let me tell you, it’s an incredible feeling to hold a book in your hands that dates in the late 1800’s. 

Here’s a gallery of some of the awesome finds from the 1st floor!

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Publications Intern Report: Student Offering is the earliest OSU Publication!

The Students Offering is the first known OSU publication, published in 1869 the first year of OSU. It is hand written by multiple students, and is over 30 pages long. Many of the students who wrote in it used pseudonyms.

It has a wide range of material in it, some of it more serious reflections on the time, however with close observation it becomes apparent that much of it is meant to be comedic. Each ‘section’ has a title and is usually 1-2 pages long.

One of the more serious sections is titled  “Finley and the Electric Telegraph.” It documents Hugh McNary Finley, the editor of The Students Offering’s fascination with electricity, and his hopes to better understand it through looking at the telegraph.

On page 13 there is an entertaining three-page story about a ‘young man’ attempting to marry a young lady named Betsy. Unfortunately Betsy’s mom is not as enthusiastic about the arrangement and ends up beating and chasing him, so he hides in a barrel of soap in the laundry room of Betsy and her parent’s house. After being found by Betsy and her mom, he has one last embrace with Betsy and in his words: “was torn from the arms of my Betsy never to see her again.” The writer signs off as “Sur Livingood.”

10commandmentsLadiesThroughout the publication, when a piece ends and there is space at the end of the page there are short poems or jokes such as “Why is Bachelor Square like Central Park New York? Because it is well supplied with fountains.”  In one such longer page break, there is a charming rhyming paragraph entitled “The Ten Commandments to the young ladies of Corvallis College” with some advice.

“The Ten Commandments, to the young ladies of Corvallis College.
Though shalt have no thoughts of the boys, cast no sheep eyes to such human boys; Abstain from rough hair; dress unclean, lest to the world uncomely you seem, take not of the pretty boys names in vain, nor dare be absent Wednesday again, be not jealous of thy neighbor, nor spend thine time in useless labor, take heed no heart to break asunder, or the faculty will give you thunder.” ~ Aunt Hannah

Looking at this publication was incredibly entertaining and offered a fun look into some of the thoughts and humor of the time when OSU first began. I’d highly recommend taking the time to look at it, I think it is one of the hidden treasures that this internship helped resurface.

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OSU Publications Intern Report: The Fussers Guide

FussersGuideFrontBackPart of what makes history come alive in the archives is when you find a personal connection to it. This happened to me while looking at of all things the Fusser’s guide. The Fusser’s Guide served as the OSU phone directory, and for the last few years was called the OSU Phone Directory.

An interesting fact about the term ‘Fussers’ is that it refers to dating! Some of the covers of the Fussers Guide are very suggestive to this. It is fun to remember that at the time phones (land lines!) would have been a new exciting way to keep in contact with people. The Fusser’s Guide served as a directory for students to find each other. Along with phone numbers, it also included residence information (address or residence hall), class standing, and major affiliation.

JonesHelenMy grandmother, Helen Jones (Ossiander) went to OSU when it was called Oregon State College in the mid 1940s, and unusual for her time and gender she got a degree in Chemistry. While it isn’t much to look at it was neat to find her name in a couple of the directories. I also found my grandfather Frank Ossiander, who at that time would have been her future husband, and his older brother Homer Ossiander.

When I told my grandmother all of this, she laughed. She hadn’t even known (or she just doesn’t remember!) that the Fussers Guide existed; she said she didn’t think she ever got one. That being said, she is 89 now, so that is the sort of thing that she easily may have forgotten about!

One guess who I am named after!

meGrandmother

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OSU Publications Intern: What do you do?

This year Helena Egbert is working as an intern in SCARC, focusing on the OSU publications in our collections. She’s written this post to talk about her work, but I’m the one who chose this photo because it was just too great.

Women refiling deed books at the Marion County Courthouse, circa 1950. Recorder's office staff in the vault. From left to right: Romona Evans, Salem; Virginia Gritton, Salem; and Irene Johnson, Salem. P218 SG4 Series II

Women refiling deed books at the Marion County Courthouse, circa 1950. Recorder’s office staff in the vault. From left to right: Romona Evans, Salem; Virginia Gritton, Salem; and Irene Johnson, Salem. P218 SG4 Series II

Inevitably, when I tell friends or family that I am the OSU Publications Intern at the campus library, their first follow up question is “What do you do?”

My simple answer is that I help organize, catalog, and describe OSU Publications in the Valley Library, this blog is my long answer. Ultimately, all of this makes these publications accessible to the wider OSU community or anyone interested in OSU publications.

My first project as the OSU PUBS intern was to compile an enormous list of over 500 different publication groups, or PUBS, into an Excel spreadsheet. Each PUBS group contains a collection of related material published by OSU. Along with the title of each PUBS group, if possible I also listed the location of the material. It quickly became apparent that OSU PUBS are scattered across numerous different locations, from the Valley main collection to archival collections of the History of OSU and the PCNW. With all of this information consolidated into one place, it is easier to retrieve and review each PUBS group.

Retrieving the PUBS group to look at is always exciting. Most PUBS I have looked at have documents from the early 1900s to even the late 1800s. It is interesting to get to look at how even boring sounding publications such as the Corvallis Telephone Directory or the Oregon State Staff Directories can change over time. However, the publications are not only in their original paper form, most of them have copies saved onto microfilm. I go through each microfilm reel attached to their respective PUBS group and compare them to the physical copies we have and track any differences. If the content on the microfilm is the same as the physical copies, we get rid of the microfilm.

Once I have a comprehensive list of everything in the PUBS group, I enter it onto Archon with a description of the material. By publishing all of this on Archon, these previously poorly described publications, are now easily accessible to the public.

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Fun finds in food history ~ intern report

Cigarettes in books? Not okay!

Cigarettes in books? Not okay!

This past week was a fascinating one. The nutrition tab for the LibGuide was already pretty fleshed out thanks to Anne Bahde, so it was easy to dedicate one day to just formatting it, tinkering with some things, and overall making it polished (and matching the rest of the tabs.) The second full day for my internship, Tiah and I spent the day looking at documents relating to labor here in Oregon, and we found many fun things.

In one of the first boxes that we looked through, it held several old notebooks from the late 1800’s early 1900’s. Inside of one, Tiah actually found an old cigarette butt between the pages! 

We also found some documents about food supplies for community during World War II, as well as potential forms for counties to use to identify their needs. On one of the film reels, it detailed a lot about child labor here in Oregon in 1943-1944, which was really fascinating. 

Minimal information was found (in our brief day of searching) about immigrant or POW labor, but we’re confident it’s out there! 

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Dallas Lore Sharp’s Grand Tour of Oregon

Dallas Lore Sharp (center) and two unidentified Audubon Game Wardens paddling in a canoe through the tules on Lower Klamath Lake, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0319.

Dallas Lore Sharp (center) and two unidentified Audubon Game Wardens paddling in a canoe through the tules on Lower Klamath Lake, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0319.

Dallas Lore Sharp sitting in the tules with a Juvenile gull perched on his knee. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0358.

Dallas Lore Sharp sitting in the tules with a Juvenile gull perched on his knee. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0358.

William Finley and Herman Bohlman did not act alone in their efforts to promote their message of conservation. They were part of a national network of scientists, nature writers, and concerned citizens who worked to educate Americans of the increasingly devastating impact over-hunting and habitat destruction had on bird populations.

In this month’s installment of the ongoing Reuniting Finley and Bohlman series we take a look at one of Finley and Bohlman’s most well known collaborations. In the summer of 1912 noted nature writer Dallas Lore Sharp and his family spent the summer touring Oregon with the pair, revisiting the sites made popular in their photography a decade before. The summer was significant as it was Finley’s first traveling the state as Oregon’s new Game Warden tasked with promoting new, stricter regulation on hunting and fishing. The summer was also the last time Bohlman would join Finley on an expedition.

Sharp wrote about his travels in his 1914 book, Where Rolls the Oregon. Filled with Sharp’s trademark turn-of-the-century florid writing, the book recounts his many adventures in the state and lauds Finley and Bohlman’s work in conservation. “Oregon, and the country as a whole,” Sharp declared, “owe Finley and Bohlman a large debt for what they have done to preserve wildlife.” [i]

Touring with Audubon Game Wardens in Eastern Oregon

Three men in a touring car driving across Alkali Flat on their way to inspect an egret colony near Silver Lake, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0160.

Three men in a touring car driving across Alkali Flat on their way to inspect an egret colony near Silver Lake, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0160.

Dallas Lore Sharp and four unidentified Malheur Audubon wardens wading in the mud along the edge of Silver Lake, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0177.

Dallas Lore Sharp and four unidentified Malheur Audubon wardens wading in the mud along the edge of Silver Lake, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0177.

The warden stood speechless at the sight of snow-white birds in the willows — they had been so nearly exterminated by the plumers, — and his wonder fell upon us all. [ii]

An egret in its nest near Silver Lake, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0200.

An egret in its nest near Silver Lake, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0200.

Bohlman and two unidentified Audubon wardens inside the Audubon Society’s patrol boat, The Grebe, with an American flag displayed at its stern. Taken on Lower Klamath Lake, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0269.

Bohlman and two unidentified Audubon wardens inside the Audubon Society’s patrol boat, The Grebe, with an American flag displayed at its stern. Taken on Lower Klamath Lake, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0269.

Dallas Lore Sharp on horseback in the Wallowa Mountains, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0610.

Dallas Lore Sharp on horseback in the Wallowa Mountains, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0610.

Camping on Three Arch Rocks

Herman Bohlman kneeling with his hat in his hand. A downy bird chick is perched atop the hat on Three Arch Rocks near Oceanside, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0827.

Herman Bohlman kneeling with his hat in his hand. A downy bird chick is perched atop the hat on Three Arch Rocks near Oceanside, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0827.

So we got over the rim along the south face of the cliff, up which we had climbed, and by rope descended to a small shelf under an overhanging ledge about forty feet above the waves. Here, protected from the northwest wind, and from much of the rain, we rolled up in our blankets, while night crept down upon us and out over the sea. [iii]

Dallas Lore Sharp, his son, Dallas Lore Sharp, Jr., and Herman Bohlman (lower right) standing on a small ledge on the side of Three Arch Rock. Their camp is anchored to the rocks in the center. Murres and other sea birds are perched en masse upon the rock. Near Oceanside, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0807.

Dallas Lore Sharp, his son, Dallas Lore Sharp, Jr., and Herman Bohlman (lower right) standing on a small ledge on the side of Three Arch Rock. Their camp is anchored to the rocks in the center. Murres and other sea birds are perched en masse upon the rock. Near Oceanside, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0807.

A flock of cormorants and murres perched on the rocks and Three Arch Rocks near Oceanside, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0815.

A flock of cormorants and murres perched on the rocks and Three Arch Rocks near Oceanside, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0815.

Dallas Lore Sharp Jr. sitting with a downy chick perched on his knee on Three Arch Rocks near Oceanside, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0831.

Dallas Lore Sharp Jr. sitting with a downy chick perched on his knee on Three Arch Rocks near Oceanside, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0831.

Summiting Mount Hood

A group of four men including Dallas Lore Sharp (second from front) tethered together on their ascent of Mount Hood, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0857.

A group of four men including Dallas Lore Sharp (second from front) tethered together on their ascent of Mount Hood, Oregon, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0857.

Might one not need to climb Hood many times for the eyes to grow used to seeing and the soul to feeling such unwonted vastness of expanse, such unaccustomed and overwhelming depths? [iv]

Dallas Lore Sharp resting on a rock near the summit of Mount Hood, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0864.

Dallas Lore Sharp resting on a rock near the summit of Mount Hood, 1912. OHS Research Library, Org. Lot 369, Finley B0864.

Learn More

To see more, be sure to check up on the Reuniting Finley and Bohlman Collection on Oregon Digital throughout the year as additional materials are uploaded.

This blog series is part of a yearlong partnership between the Oregon Historical Society Research Library and Oregon State University Libraries Special Collections and Archives to digitize the Finley and Bohlman photograph and manuscript collections held by our libraries and to unite them online through Oregon Digital and the OHS Digital Collections website (currently under development). Stay tuned in coming months for future installments about Finley, Bohlman, and their birding adventures around the state.

This project is supported in part by the Institute of Museum and Library Services through the Library Services and Technology Act, administered by the Oregon State Library.

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[i] Dallas Lore Sharp, Where Rolls the Oregon (Houghton Mifflin, 1914), viii.

[ii] Sharp, Where Rolls the Oregon, 74.

[iii] Sharp, Where Rolls the Oregon, 23.

[iv] Sharp, Where Rolls the Oregon 148.

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